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List of Animals That Live in the Sahara Desert


List of Animals That Live in the Sahara Desert


Listed below are a few animals that can be found in the Sahara desert. Among them are the Anubis baboon, the Golden jackal, the Nubian bustard, and the Western African crocodile. Learn about their lives and how they survive.

These desert-dwelling mammals are also very fascinating and are able to survive in such harsh conditions.


Anubis baboon

The Anubis baboon is one type of African ape that is found in mountainous regions of the Sahara desert. They are grayish-green in color with multi-colored fur.

Males are larger than females and have a thick mane. Their diet consists of various plants, birds, and small mammals. The baboon is a polygynandrous creature.

This ape is closely related to the apes. Its scientific name is Papio anubis, which comes from the name of the Egyptian god Anubis, who has a dog-like muzzle.

Olive baboons are closely related to the chacma and yellow baboons. They also share some characteristics with hamadryas baboons.

The Sahara desert is home to a number of endangered species.

The Anubis baboon, a distinctly African ape, is one of the largest in the world. It lays large eggs.

Although it is flightless, its hooves have two toes and a flat foot. Their large size means that they cannot run very fast from predators.

The olive baboon, or the Anubis baboon, is a species of ape that lives in central Africa. Olive baboons are native to central Africa, although there are isolated populations of these apes in the Sahara.

These apes are often mistaken for apes, but they have a diverse range of habitats. They live in semi-arid areas, but also in open grasslands.

The Anubis baboon is a genus of apes. It is found in the Sahara desert, as well as eastern Africa. There are four species of apes in this region: the chacma baboon, the olive baboon, and the kinda baboon. These are closely related, but they are different species.

These five species have different habitats and are found in separate countries in eastern Africa, central Africa, and southern Africa.


Lappet-faced vulture

The Lappet-faced vulture, also known as the Nubian vulture, is a large, elongated bird of prey with a long, hooked bill. This vulture is one of several Old World vultures, and its unique appearance has contributed to its decline. This vulture lives in the arid deserts of Africa, Asia, and the Sinai Peninsula.

The Lappet-faced vulture has a monotypic appearance and does not display a mating display. It builds a huge stick nest and lays one egg in it.

The Lappet-faced vulture lives in arid and desert areas, including the arid steppes of southwestern Africa.

This vulture prefers deserts to arid plains and open mountain slopes. This species has three subspecies, each living in similar habitats. The lappet-faced vulture, commonly known as the Lappet-faced vulture, resides in Ethiopia, Sudan, and western and southeastern Africa. It is also found in northern parts of South Africa and Namibia.


Thorny devil

A thorny devil is a lizard found in the desert of Australia. This animal is characterized by its ridged scales and false head, which it uses for gathering water. Its tongue and jaws are specialized for grabbing ants.

Its body temperature fluctuates according to its habitat, which is also affected by the amount of water in the sand.

During the mating season, thorny devils move longer distances in search of mates. Their tracks can span several hundred feet during the early spring.

During the mating season, four thorny devils may move at once, thereby maximizing the chance of encountering one another. The female thorny devil lays a single clutch of eggs, which can range from three to ten.


Sand beetle

The ostrich is one of the fastest land animals in the world. Its long, strong legs allow it to outrun its natural predators, including lions, leopards, and hyenas.

The southwestern deserts are warm in summer and cool in winter, making them the perfect choice for hibernation. The meerkat is part of the mongoose family and lives in the desert.

The Namaqua sandgrouse lives in the Kalahari and Namib Deserts in Southern Africa. The sidewinder rattlesnake lives in the desert regions of the United States.

It moves by anchoring its tail and pulling it forward, enabling it to hop over sand at high speeds. Other desert snakes use this same method of movement. You can find one of these in your local area!


Sand ironclad beetle

The meerkat is a member of the Mongoose family and lives in the desert and other dry habitats. These nocturnal mammals have highly social behavior and a distinctive upright stance. They live in groups of up to 50 individuals and often groom each other before foraging. They also use alarm calls to warn each other of predators.

The meerkats are not shy and are often observed rubbing against each other when they are feeling threatened.

The greater roadrunner is the largest member of the cuckoo family. It is an omnivorous predator, eating rodents, bats, and other birds. Its wide, tough feet help it endure desert heat. Its dark skin helps it conserve energy while hunting for its meal.

Its diet is varied and includes insects, small mammals, fruits, and vegetables. While coyotes play an important role in desert ecology, they are also detrimental to local wildlife biodiversity.


Golden jackal

The golden jackal is an opportunistic canid native to the eastern Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, the Great Indian Desert, and Western Indochina.

This species has an extremely varied diet, eating small mammals, birds, eggs, and invertebrates. Its home range is relatively broad, and it is usually found near water sources. However, golden jackals can sometimes be found in urban areas.

While it is not known which pathogens infest golden jackals, there are a number of known diseases caused by this animal, including atypical parasitic infections. This disease is often caused by a mix of parasites and bacterial infections.

Research about the parasites of golden jackals is limited, usually to the country or region where it is found. Moreover, golden jackals have a tendency to expand their territory, which results in increased contact with domestic animals.

Unlike dogs, golden jackals have a high prevalence of the worms Toxoplasma gondii. In recent years, the worm has spread to Europe and Asia.

The worms have been isolated from golden jackals in Romania and India, and have been found in the bile ducts of wild golden jackals. These infections, however, are thought to be accidental.

There is still debate about what factors facilitate territorial expansion of golden jackals. However, it has been suggested that climate change, land use, and lack of competition among the species may be factors.

Further, this species is not threatened by global warming, and it is classified as ‘Least Concern’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).


Nubian bustard

The Nubian Bustard is a medium-sized bird that lives in the sparsely vegetated area between the southern Sahara desert and the northern Sahel.

These birds are commonly seen in the deserts of Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria, and Sudan. They primarily feed on insects and other types of vegetation but will also consume seeds and other plant material.

Unfortunately, these birds are becoming endangered as habitat loss has wiped out much of the species.

The Nubian bustard’s diet varies depending on the season and the availability of food. While meat is its prime source of food, it can also eat various other plants, including fruits, bulbs, and roots.

The Jerboa is well-adapted to life in the hot, arid desert. It is a member of the jumping rodent family, and lives in the Sahara desert. It is nocturnal and hides in burrows during the day.

The Sahara desert is large, covering about 3.3 million square miles, or 25 percent of the continent. It is home to a number of species, including the Nubian bustard, and it’s important to note that its ecosystem is threatened by the emergence of North American mosquito fish.

In 2004, the native fish were outnumbered 100 to 1 by these North American insects. As a result, the Sahara is listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Among the many species living in the Sahara desert, the Nubian bustard is unique for its unusual coloring and twisted long horns.

This species can change color in winter, changing from greyish brown to white in the summer. Interestingly, the males are much larger than the females and can reach up to 70 cm long. In the wild, the Nubian bustard lives for around twenty to thirty years.

Western African crocodile

The Western African crocodile is an iconic saharan predator. Its range is characterized by high sand dunes and rocky crevices. Its habitat is also varied.

In Mauritania, it lives in the Iherir-Imihrou and Tedjoujelt valleys. It is absent from other Mauritania cities. The species has been listed as endangered since the early 20th century, but there is no information available on whether it is still in the Sahara.

The Western African crocodile inhabits four localities in the Affole and Assaba regions. In Assaba, references to the species date back to before the 1970s.

In Tagant, the crocodiles inhabit rocky pools and gueltas, which are upstream of narrow valleys at the base of mountains. They are usually present only during the rainy season, when torrential waterfalls fill the pools.

The Western African crocodile inhabits a range of habitats in western Africa. Its range spans regional tributaries of the Nile, including Lake Nasser in Egypt.

It also inhabits the Cunene region of Angola, the Okavango Delta of Botswana, and the Olifants River in South Africa. The Nile crocodile and the Western African crocodile are both endangered species and are protected as such.

The West African crocodile is shy and reclusive. The female lays up to 60 eggs and protects the nest for up to 100 days. The young crocodiles develop an egg-tooth on the tip of their snouts. This tooth is developed in the skin to pierce the egg shell.

The crocodile will eventually reach reproductive maturity at about ten years of age.



The ostrich is the largest living bird in the world, growing up to 9 feet long. This omnivorous bird is black and white, with a pinkish-red neck.

The male has black/white plumage, while the female is gray. Its population has been decimated by hunting, with the ostrich now only found in six of the 18 countries where it was once found.

Another animal that can survive in the Sahara desert is the rock hyrax, found in sub-Saharan Africa. This creature lives in large groups of 10 to 80 animals.

The ostrich is also one of the largest birds in the world, but it doesn’t fly. It uses its long, powerful legs to run. It also uses its long neck to run around, making it a great animal to keep close to you.

The ostrich’s size also allows it to survive in arid environments. Its long legs allow it to run and travel without stopping, and its long neck allows it to eat a variety of foods.

The ostrich is another animal that can live in the Sahara desert. It has a long, thick neck, and a twisted horn. It can also change its color, ranging from a grayish brown in winter to a sandy-beige to a white color in the summer. And because it is so hardy, it is a good choice for people who want to live in a hot desert.

Other animals that can live in the Sahara include the screwhorn antelope, which is native to the Western Sahara. They live in small herds, and suck water from plants for survival.

Their long, twisted horns are a sign of their hardy nature. Their oversized hooves also make them adept at moving through the loose sand. They are critically endangered, however, due to overhunting and habitat destruction.



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