Seahorses - Mfundo 7 Zomwe Muyenera Kudziwa

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Zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudza Seahorses

Zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zokhudza Seahorses 

 

 

Ngati mukuyang'ana zowona zamasewera apanyanja, mwafika pamalo oyenera. Seahorses ndi nyama yochititsa chidwi yomwe imachititsa chidwi kuyang'ana, makamaka popeza ali ndi chikhalidwe chobisalira komanso khosi ndi mchira wosinthasintha.

Werengani kuti mudziwe zambiri za zolengedwa zokongola izi!

Kuphatikiza pakuwona kwawo kodabwitsa kwa maso, ma seahorses ndi nyama zomwe zimachita chidwi kwambiri ndipo zimatha kuphunzitsidwa mosavuta.

 

Seahorses ndi nyama yodya nyama

Ngakhale anthu ambiri okhala m'madzi am'madzi amakhulupirira kuti ma seahorses ndi omnivores, izi sizili choncho nthawi zonse. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timeneti titha kukhala nyama, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti zimadya chilichonse chomwe chimayenda.

Seahorses amatha kudya nyama zosiyanasiyana zamoyo, kuphatikizapo shrimp ndi crustaceans. Zakudya zawo zimakhala zosiyanasiyana, chifukwa amadyanso ndere, ma copepods, ndi nsomba zina zazing'ono.

Thupi la seahorse limakutidwa ndi zida za mafupa, zomwe zimatha kupanikizana popanda kuvulaza cholengedwacho. Zida zimenezi zimagwiranso ntchito pamagulu awo apadera a mchira, omwe amawalola kuti aziyenda mosiyanasiyana.

Ngakhale kuti ali ndi matupi osasunthika, mahatchi am'nyanja akadali ndi chilakolako chofuna kudya, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti amafunika kudya mosalekeza kuti apulumuke. Malumikizidwe amchira pa ma seahorses amatha kusinthasintha njira zitatu zosiyanasiyana.

Seahorses - Mfundo 7 Zomwe Muyenera Kudziwa

Ngakhale kuti amaoneka, mahatchi apanyanja amaonedwa kuti ndi opanda vuto. Amatalika pafupifupi theka la inchi, koma thupi lawo ndi mitu yawo zimafanana ndi mitu ya akavalo. Kukula kwawo kumasiyanasiyana kwambiri pakati pa mitundu. Mahatchi ena amatha kukula mpaka mainchesi 14 m'litali.

Mtundu wa Hippocampus ulinso ndi pygmy seahorse, pygmy wamba, ndi minga.

 

Iwo ndi zilombo zobisalira

Ngakhale kuti ndi osambira pang'onopang'ono m'nyanja, mahatchi apanyanja ali ndi luso lapadera lokweza mitu yawo pasanathe sekondi imodzi.

Mosiyana ndi zilombo zina, mahatchi a m'nyanja amadzimangirira ndi michira yawo ku ulusi wa m'nyanja kapena korali. Chifukwa chakuti sangathe kusambira mofulumira, amafunika kudya mosalekeza kuti mimba yawo ikhale yokhuta. Amadya tizilombo tating'ono tating'ono tosiyanasiyana, kuphatikiza plankton ndi brine shrimp.

Mchitidwe wawo wobisalira umawalola kuyamwa nyama zawo pafupi ngati ili pafupi mokwanira. Mutu wawo wosiyana ndi mutu umapanga malo "osauka" m'madzi, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti akhale m'modzi mwa alenje abwino kwambiri pa zinyama.

Komabe, ayenera kukhala mkati mwa millimeters kuti agwire bwino. Chifukwa amagwiritsa ntchito njirayi, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuyang'anira nsomba zam'madzi kuthengo.

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Chifukwa chakuti ndi osambira ofooka, mahatchi apanyanja ayenera kubisala nyama zawo kuti apulumuke. Mphuno zawo zazitali ndi nsagwada zosinthasintha, zopanda mano zimawapangitsa kukhala adani abwino kwambiri obisalira.

Amadya nkhanu ting'onoting'ono ndi shrimp, ndipo amakhala ndi miyambo yapabwalo yovuta. Amuna amabereka ana oposa 100 nthawi imodzi. Ngakhale kuti ndi ang'onoang'ono, ma seahorses ndi othandizira kwambiri obisala.

 

Ali ndi khosi losinthasintha

Ofufuza apeza kuti khosi lopindika komanso mphuno ya akalulu am'madzi ndi mwayi waukulu posaka chakudya. Khosi lopindika limatsanzira mawonekedwe a kasupe wophimbidwa ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kukulitsa kufikira kwawo kuti agwire nyama.

Mbali yapadera imeneyi ya mahatchi a m’nyanja imawathandiza kusambira mtunda wautali ndi kugwira nyama zambiri kuposa nsomba zina zonse padziko lapansi. Nazi zifukwa zina zisanu zomwe ma seahorses ali ndi khosi losinthasintha:

Ngakhale kuti mahatchiwa alibe zipsepse za caudal, makosi awo ndi otsetsereka, zomwe zimawalola kusambira ndikuyenda mosavuta. Nyama zimenezi zimathanso kutseka michira yawo pakakhala zinthu zoopsa kwambiri. Amagwiritsanso ntchito khosi lawo losinthasintha kuyamwa chakudya chawo, ndipo amakhala ndi mphuno yayitali. Izi zapadera zimawapangitsa kukhala chisankho chabwino kwambiri chobisala.

Masewera a Seahorses

Ubwino wina waukulu wa khosi losinthika la seahorses ndikuti amatha kudya nsomba za brine. Amakhala ndi mphuno zazitali ndipo amatha kudya ma shrimp okwana XNUMX tsiku lililonse.

Kuphatikiza pa khosi lawo lalitali, lotha kusinthasintha, mahatchi am'nyanja amakhala ndi korona pamutu wawo, womwe umapangidwa mwapadera pa nyama iliyonse.

Mahatchi aamuna amanyamula mazira a m'nyanja mpaka ataswa, komanso amagwira michira yawo panthawi yovina. Ngakhale kuti ma seahorses ambiri samakwatirana kwa moyo wonse, amatha kukhala ziweto zabwino kwa ana ndipo akhoza kuphunzitsa ana za mitundu ya utawaleza, zizolowezi, ndi malo okhala.

Iwo ali ndi mchira prehensile

Mchira wa prehensile wa seahorse umalola kuti igwire zinthu ngati dzanja. Zamoyo zimenezi zimatha kukulunga michira yawo m’mitengo ya mangrove, udzu wa m’nyanja, mitu ya matanthwe, masiponji, ngakhalenso zamoyo zina za m’nyanja.

Zilombozi zimayamba kugwiritsa ntchito michira ikabadwa, ndipo akuluakulu amazigwiritsa ntchito polimbana ndi miyambo yokweretsa. Chifukwa cha michira yawo, zimakhala zovuta kuziwona m'nyanja.

Mosiyana ndi ma pipefish, ma seahorses amatha kugunda nyama zawo motalikirapo. Komabe, amachita pang'onopang'ono kwambiri kuposa msuwani wawo wa pipefish.

Mwachiwonekere, kumenyedwa kofulumira kumenyedwa, kumakhala kosavuta kugwira nyama yake. Chotsatira chake, kusintha kwa anatomical uku kumayenera kuwongolera kulimba kwawo. Komabe, olemba a phunziroli akuchenjeza kuti mahatchi a m’nyanja ali ndi chizolowezi chachibadwa chodziŵika mopambanitsa liwiro la kumenyedwa kwawo, zomwe zingakhale zowononga nyama zawo.

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Chifukwa chakuti mahatchi am'nyanja ali ndi mchira wosapindika, amatha kugwira zinthu. Ngakhale kuti sianthu odziwa bwino kusambira, amatha kusambira kwa mtunda waufupi, chifukwa cha mchira wawo wautali. Amagwiritsanso ntchito mchira wawo kuti adzikhazikitse pagulu lolimba komanso chakudya. Ngakhale kuti amasambira pang’onopang’ono, amakhala pachiwopsezo chachikulu cha nyama zolusa ndipo nthawi zambiri amapezeka m’mimba mwa nsomba zazikuluzikulu.

Iwo ndi osambira mosadziwa

Ngakhale osambira osadziwa, mahatchi am'nyanja ali ndi zanzeru zina m'manja mwawo. Zinyamazi zimatha kuwonjezera liwiro lawo posintha mwachangu kuchuluka kwa chikhodzodzo chawo chosambira, zomwe zimatha kukulitsa kuthamanga mpaka ka 35 pa sekondi iliyonse. Amasambiranso mwaluso pochita michira yozungulira, kugwira mchira wawo pa zinthu monga ndere, miyala yamchere, kapena wachibale.

Ngakhale kuti sangakhale osambira bwino kwambiri, iwo ali m’gulu la alenje aluso kwambiri amtundu wawo.

Ngakhale kuti ma seahorses ali ndi dongosolo lachilendo la m'mimba, ali ndi luso lodabwitsa lofufuza ndikudya nkhanu zazing'ono. Mitsempha yawo yapadera imawathandiza kugwira nyama poyamwa madzi pafupi ndi thupi lawo momwe angathere. Kusowa kwawo mano kumawathandizanso kusangalala ndi kususuka kwa maola 10 tsiku lililonse.

Kuphatikiza pa luso lawo losasambira, ma seahorses amakhalanso osinthika kwambiri, amagwirizana bwino ndi nsomba zina ndi zamoyo zopanda msana m'madzi am'madzi. Nkhono ndi ma corals osaluma ndi abwino kwambiri oyeretsa m'madzi a m'madzi a m'nyanja.

Kusakwanira kwa nyama za m'nyanja ndi chimodzi mwa zifukwa zomwe nsomba zam'madzi zimakololedwa kwambiri. Ndipotu pafupifupi matani 26 miliyoni a nyama zimenezi amakololedwa chaka chilichonse. Zambiri mwa izi zimathera m'madzi am'madzi, komwe nthawi zambiri amagulitsidwa ngati zikumbutso.

Mahatchi ambiri am'madzi am'madzi am'madzi am'madzi amavutika ndi kusowa kwa bwenzi. Ndipo chifukwa cha kusakwanira kumeneku, nthawi zambiri amagulitsidwa ngati zikumbutso.

Iwo ali ndi mkazi mmodzi

Ngakhale kuti mahatchi ambiri am'nyanja amakhala okha, ambiri amakhala amodzi, ndipo mitundu ina imakhala yogwirizana kwa moyo wonse. Mahatchi aamuna ndi aakazi nthawi zambiri amagwirizanitsa mavinidwe awo okwerera kuti alimbikitse mgwirizano wawo.

Seahorses amachitanso zachilendo zachikazi monyanyira: amuna ndi akazi omwe ali ndi mkazi mmodzi amabereka kuti azikhala achichepere, zomwe zimalimbitsa mgwirizano pakati pa zibwenzi.

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Ngakhale kuti kukhala ndi mkazi mmodzi kungakhale kodabwitsa, mahatchi apanyanja ndi zolengedwa zochititsa chidwi kuziphunzira. Mtundu umodzi, mphalapala wa panyanja wa ku Chesapeake Bay, umaonedwa kuti ndi wa mkazi mmodzi. Yaimuna imaikira mazirawo m’thumba lake lotsekeka ndipo sachita nawo ntchito yosamalira makolo.

Amuna ndi akazi anali ndi mazira ndi ma hydrazines ofanana, ngakhale kuti chiwerengero cha oocyte mwa akazi chinasiyana kuchokera pa 90 mpaka 1,313 pa chilichonse.

Mahatchi aamuna amakumana moyo wawo wonse. Mahatchi aakazi amaika mazira okwana 1,000 m'thumba la ana aamuna, momwe amakhalira masiku khumi mpaka makumi anayi ndi asanu.

Ikaswa, yaimuna imamasula ana, omwe amadziwika kuti mwachangu. Mkakawu umakhalabe ndi moyo wosakwana XNUMX peresenti, zomwe zimapangitsa akatswiri a zamoyo zam'madzi kukhulupirira kuti nsomba zamphongo zimakhala ndi mwamuna mmodzi.

Amadya plankton ndi nsomba zazing'ono

Mofanana ndi otsutsa onse omwe amakhala m'nyanja zofunda, ma seahorses amadya nyama zosiyanasiyana. Plankton, nsomba zazing'ono, ngakhale crustaceans ndi mbali ya zakudya zawo. Ngakhale kuti sasambira bwino, amatha kunyamula michira yawo pamakorali ndi udzu wa m’nyanja. Akatha kugwira nyama, amatambasula mphuno zawo zazitali, zosunthika ndikuyamwa mkamwa.

Zakudya za nsomba zam'madzi zimakhala ndi plankton, algae, ndi nsomba zazing'ono. Seahorses amakonda algae kuposa plankton. Amakhala pansi pa ndere ndi ma coral. Mphutsi zawo zimatchedwa zokazinga ndipo zimatha kukhala paokha kwa maola angapo pambuyo pobadwa. Mphutsizi zimadya plankton ndi nsomba zazing'ono. Chakudyachi chili ndi michere yambiri ya ana agalu omwe akukula.

Zakudya zawo zimasiyanasiyana malinga ndi mitundu. Akalulu akuluakulu amadya plankton ndi nsomba zing'onozing'ono pamene mwachangu amadya pafupifupi zidutswa 3000 za chakudya patsiku. Mphutsizi zimadyanso nsomba ting'onoting'ono komanso nkhanu. Seahorse alibe mano, choncho amadya plankton ndi nsomba zazing'ono. Pali mitundu iwiri ya mahatchi am'nyanja ku Britain.

 

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