Mfundo 5 Zofunikira Zokhudza Capybara zomwe muyenera kudziwa

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Mfundo 5 Zofunikira Zokhudza Capybara zomwe muyenera kudziwa

Zofunika Kwambiri Zokhudza Capybara

 

 

Ngati mukuganiza kuti chomwe chimapangitsa chinyama chokongolachi chikhale ndi chiyani, werengani. Capybaras ndi herbivores. Amakhala m’magulu ang’onoang’ono a mabanja ndipo ndi osambira mofulumira. Zimakhalanso nyama zomwe zimayanjana kwambiri. Werengani kuti mudziwe zambiri za capybara!

Mungadabwe kumva kuti amachokera kum’mwera kwa Africa.

Nazi zina mwazinthu zosangalatsa kwambiri za capybara. Choncho, musachoke kunyumba popanda kudziwa mfundo zingapo zokhudza capybara.

 

Capybaras ndi herbivores

Mosiyana ndi mikango, ma capybara amadya zomera. Zakudya zawo ndi udzu, mbewu, mavwende, sikwashi, ndi bango. M’nyengo yachilimwe, amadyanso zipatso ndi makungwa a mitengo.

Chifukwa chakuti capybaras ali ndi dongosolo lapadera la m'mimba, amatha kuyamwa zakudya zambiri kuchokera ku chakudya chawo. Amadyanso zitosi zawo, zomwe zimakhala ndi mabakiteriya, ma enzymes, ndi mpweya womwe umawathandiza kugaya chakudya.

Ngakhale kuti chiŵerengero cha ma capybara m’gulu n’chachikulu kuthengo, chiŵerengero cha anthu pagulu lililonse chikuwoneka chikuwonjezereka pamene chiŵerengero cha anthu chikuwonjezereka.

Kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti capybaras amakhala ochezeka kwambiri ndi kuchulukana kwa anthu.

Ngakhale ma capybara amatha kukhala ndi moyo m'malo ochepa kwambiri, amadalira kwambiri malo awo.

Amakhala m'magulu aakazi ndi amuna, ndipo magulu awa amatsekedwa. Anthu nthawi zambiri amadziwika ndipo amakhala m'gulu lomwelo kwa miyezi kapena zaka. Komabe, pali zoyandama, zomwe zimawoneka ngati zamagulu angapo ochezera.

 

Capybara amakhala m'magulu ang'onoang'ono a mabanja

Capybara amakhala m'magulu ang'onoang'ono a mabanja. Nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mamembala anayi kapena asanu ndi atatu, kuphatikiza amuna akuluakulu ndi akazi. Kukula kwamagulu kumasinthasintha chaka chonse, koma anthu ambiri pagulu amakhala pafupi ndi ziweto zisanu ndi chimodzi.

Amuna ndi aakazi amagawana madera ndikusaka chakudya. Capybaras amalankhulana pogwiritsa ntchito fungo, komanso phokoso. Iwo amatulutsa malikhweru, kukuwa, kung’ung’udza, kukuwa, ndi mawu ena. Zimakwerana m’madzi m’nyengo yamvula, koma zimaswana chaka chonse. Akazi a capybara amabereka 4-8 ana ndi kuyamwitsa ana onse pamodzi.

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Mosiyana ndi nkhumba, ma capybara amadya chimbudzi chawo chisanagwe pansi. Uku ndikusintha kwachisinthiko kugaya ma cellulose ndikubwezeretsanso zomera m'matumbo awo.

Ngakhale kuti capybaras ndi nyama zochezeka, nthawi zambiri amasaka nyama ndi ubweya ku South America.

Kusaka nyama ndi ubweya ndi vuto lalikulu kwa ma capybara, koma ndi gawo la mpikisano wa ziweto.

 

Capybara ndi osambira mwachangu

Mwina munamvapo kuti capybara ndi osambira mwachangu. Izi sizowona kwathunthu - amatha kusambira mwachangu mailosi asanu pa ola. Amasambira kwambiri kuposa pamenepo, koma pokhapokha ataopsezedwa kapena akumva kuti ali pachiwopsezo.

Ngakhale kuti ali otetezeka m'madzi, capybaras sakonda kupita mofulumira choncho. Kaŵirikaŵiri amayendayenda m’mitsinje, kugudubuzika m’malo osaya, ndi kusangalala ndi madzi ozizira. Koma akaopsezedwa kapena kuthamangitsidwa ndi mphaka wa kuthengo, mbalamezi zimathamanga kwambiri n’kuthaŵa mwamsanga.

Ngakhale kuti capybaras amachokera ku Amazon, mitundu yawo imafalikira kumadera ena onse. Ku Mato Grosso do Sul, capybaras amatengedwa kuti xodos, kapena zizindikiro za Pantanal.

Kanema wa imodzi mwa nyamazi ikusambira idagawidwa ndi Recanto Ecologico do Rio da Prata. Kanemayo adatengedwa ku Jardim ndi wojambula wachilengedwe Fernando Maidana.

Recanto ndi amodzi mwamalo oyendera alendo ku Brazil ndipo adasankhidwa kukhala mphotho ya Tourism for Tomorrow.

 

Capybara Ndi anthu

Capybara ndi nyama yokonda kucheza kwambiri yomwe imasangalala kukhala ndi anyani anzawo ndi nyama zina zoyamwitsa. Zazikazi zimabereka ana anayi kapena asanu, ndipo ana amayamwitsidwa pamodzi.

Popeza anawo satha kusambira, amakhalabe pamtunda ndi kuyamwitsa mkazi aliyense amene ali pagululo. Kuphatikiza apo, achichepere amapanga magulu mkati mwa gulu la amayi awo.

Capybara

Kuthengo, anthu a capybara sanalembedwe pa mndandanda wofiira wa IUCN, ndipo chiwerengero chawo ndi chokhazikika. N'zomvetsa chisoni kuti m'madera ena chiwerengero cha capybara chikuchepa chifukwa cha kusaka.

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Capybara amakhala m'magulu pafupifupi 10 kuti 20 anthu payekhapayekha. Kukula kwa gulu kumasiyana malinga ndi malo, koma nthawi zambiri kumakhala akazi awiri kapena anayi komanso mwamuna wamphamvu.

Amuna ocheperapo amakhala ngati oyang'anira ndipo nthawi zambiri amatsutsa mwamuna wamkulu kuti atsimikizire kulamulira kwake. Amuna amakhalanso ndi ufulu wotsutsana ndi mtsogoleriyo pomuthamangitsa ndi miyendo yakumbuyo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale chipwirikiti.

 

Capybaras amanyamula mabakiteriya

Mabakiteriya a P. Muris amatha kupatsira anthu, koma palibe mtundu wina uliwonse umene umadziwika kuti umanyamula. Ndi matenda omwe amafalitsidwa ndi makoswe Japan, Korea, ndi North America, ndipo sichinatchulidwepo Africa or Europe.

Komabe, ma capybara omwe ali ndi kachilomboka apezeka kuti akuwonetsa zovuta zam'mimba, kuphatikiza ma multifocal necrotizing colitis. Mu kafukufuku wochitidwa ndi Dr. Peter Levy ndi gulu lake, mabakiteriya ndi udindo zizindikiro m`mimba ndi matenda mu capybaras.

Ofufuza apeza kuti mabakiteriyawa amayamba chifukwa chongothamangitsira kuthengo mosadziwa.

Ngakhale kuti palibe chifukwa chachindunji chomwe sichinadziwikebe, kutulutsidwa mwangozi kwa capybaras kumpoto chapakati cha Florida mu 1994 akukhulupiriridwa kukhala gwero lotheka.

Komabe, ofufuza ena akukhulupirira kuti mabakiteriyawa amayamba chifukwa cha matenda obwera ndi ma capybara kuthengo. Pakali pano, palibe chithandizo chapadera cha matendawa.

 

Kutsiliza

Tikukhulupirira kuti mwasangalala nayo nkhaniyi…Zowona za Capybara?

Zoona Zowona

Timayesetsa kupereka zidziwitso zaposachedwa kwambiri kwa owerenga athu molondola komanso mwachilungamo. Ngati mukufuna kuwonjezera pa positiyi kapena kutsatsa nafe, musazengereze kutero Lumikizanani nafe. Ngati muwona china chake chomwe sichikuwoneka bwino, Lumikizanani nafe!

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